Pharmacological Treatment focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of mental and behavioral disorders. Our consultants are qualified to assess both the mental and physical aspects of any psychological problems before diagnosis and or treatment.
People seek treatment for many reasons. The problems can be sudden, such as a panic attack, frightening hallucinations, thoughts of suicide, or hearing “voices”. Or they may be more long-term, such as feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or anxiousness that never seem to lift, or problems functioning causing everyday life to feel distorted or out of control.
Treatments could include various forms of psychotherapy, medications, psychosocial interventions and other treatments (such as electroconvulsive therapy or ECT), depending on the needs of each client.
If medications are potentially required, clients would be referred to a psychiatrists for evaluation, diagnosis and pharmacological treatment. Medication would be used in much the same way that medications are used to treat high blood pressure or diabetes. Pharmacological Treatment can help correct imbalances in brain chemistry that are thought to be involved in some mental disorders. Clients on long-term pharmacological treatment will need to meet with the psychiatrist periodically to monitor the effectiveness of the medication and any potential side effects.
Class of Medications
Antidepressants – used to treat depression, panic disorder, PTSD, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, borderline personality disorder and eating disorders.
Antipsychotic medications – used to treat psychotic symptoms (delusions and hallucinations), schizophrenia, bipolar disorder.
Sedatives and anxiolytics – used to treat anxiety and insomnia.
Hypnotics – used to induce and maintain sleep.
Mood stabilizers – used to treat bipolar disorder.
Stimulants – used to treat ADHD.
Specific diagnoses are based on criteria established in APA’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which contains descriptions, symptoms and other criteria for diagnosing mental disorders.
For Pharmacological Treatment, medications would typically be prescribed in combination with psychotherapy.
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